Symposia Guide: Full Version

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Big Issues, Big Ideas

9 symposia discussing research surrounding the big social and political issues that face our country today–gender inequality, class and status differences, racism and prejudice, environmental sustainability, among others.

Symposium S-D3

Why Haven’t we Shattered the Glass Ceiling? Covert and Subtle Biases Impeding Equality in the Workplace
Friday, February 14, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Ballroom E/F
Chair: Lily Jampol, Cornell University
Co-Chair: Vivian Zayas, Cornell University

Although gender equality has improved and explicit endorsement of sexism has declined, barriers to the advancement of women in the workplace remain. This symposium presents the latest developments on how covert biases like reactive sexualization, shifting standards, implicit stereotypes, and unequal communication impede gender equality in subtle yet impactful ways. View Abstracts

Symposium S-E3

The View From the Top: How Group Dominance Shapes the Psychological Experience
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Ballroom B/C
Chair: L Taylor Phillips, Stanford University
Co-Chair: Brian Lowery, Stanford University

Dominant group membership can subtly affect individuals’ beliefs and behaviors, with profound implications for society. Dominant group membership is associated with pro-gun attitudes; heightened moral standards by which subordinate group members are judged; reduced commitment to reciprocity norms; and increased perceptions of personal adversity, undermining support for redistributive social policies. View Abstracts

Symposium S-F3

Are conservatives really from Mars and liberals from Venus? The psychological processes underlying individual differences in morality and ideology.
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 17
Chair: Jeremy Frimer, University of Winnipeg
Co-Chair: Linda Skitka, University of Illinois, Chicago

Ideological clashes over gun control, abortion, and foreign wars give the impression that, morally speaking, conservatives are from Mars and liberals are from Venus. Relying on personality, motivational, and cognitive approaches, this symposium investigates the basic processes underlying ideological moral conflicts. The result is a surprising amount of common ground. View Abstracts

Symposium S-F9

The Sociality of Sustainability: How (and When) Groups Impact Environmental Cognition and Behavior
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 18 C/D
Chair: Adam Pearson, Pomona College
Co-Chair: Jonathon Schuldt, Cornell University

With sustainability increasingly understood as a fundamentally social challenge, illuminating both individual and social forces that hinder and promote sustainable policies and practices is imperative. Four papers chart the role of group processes in environmental cognition and behavior and highlight a path to a more cooperative and inclusive green movement. View Abstracts

Symposium S-G3

Caught in the Middle: “In-Between” Groups Elicit Distinct Patterns of Attitudes
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 2:00 PM – 3:15 PM, Ballroom B/C
Chair: Sara Burke, Yale University

These talks illustrate a rarely-acknowledged constellation of attitudes toward social groups who fall between other recognized groups. Not all “in between” groups are alike, but examples related to race, gender identity, sexual orientation, and mental illness highlight some reasons why examining intermediate cases is crucial for understanding prejudice. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H1

Racism: Theories, measurements, and consequences
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Ballroom D
Chair: Jon Krosnick, Stanford University
Co-Chair: Tobias Stark, Stanford University and Utrecht University

Understanding racial attitudes is essential for our ability to measure prejudice, reduce racial prejudice, and prevent negative consequences for minorities’ well being. This symposium brings together recent research on theories and measurement of racial prejudice, people’s motivation to express their attitudes, and negative consequences for the targets of prejudice. View Abstracts

Symposium S-I3

Group identity and prejudice: New findings from an implicit social cognitive perspective
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 5:00 PM – 6:15 PM, Ballroom G
Chair: Travis Carter, Colby College

This symposium presents an implicit cognition perspective on how group identity predicts prejudice. In particular, the work presented advances psychological findings that racial and national identities shape a wide spectrum of intergroup attitudes and behaviors. We focus on how group identities and cues predict ingroup prejudice subtly and unintentionally. View Abstracts

Symposium S-I7

The Psychology of Ingroup-Outgroup Distinctions in the Aftermath of Terrorism
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 5:00 PM – 6:15 PM, Room 19
Chair: Nour Kteily, Harvard University
Co-Chair: Sarah Cotterill, Harvard University

We investigate how acute outgroup threats affect the ways individuals delimit their group boundaries and psychologically distance outgroups. We show how threat contributes to greater restrictiveness in ascribing ingroup characteristics, more stereotypical outgroup characterizations, and the valuing of security over civil liberties. We describe an intervention that mitigates these effects. View Abstracts

Symposium S-I9

Ubiquity of Social Hierarchies: How Status, Class, and Power shape Behavioral and Neural Processes in Multiple Social Contexts
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 5:00 PM – 6:15 PM, Ballroom B/C
Chair: Matthias Gobel, University College London
Co-Chair: Heejung Kim, University of California at Santa Barbara

Presenting findings from multiple perspectives and cultures, this symposium demonstrates the ubiquitous role of hierarchies in shaping social life. It draws novel pictures of how different forms of hierarchy including status, class, or power impact social interactions at multiple levels: from the physiological and neural to the cognitive and behavioral. View Abstracts

Can’t We All Just Get Along?

With Congress divided and ongoing national debates concerning race and class, research exploring social networks and intergroup relations has the potential to lend a unique perspective to the public discourse. What can Congress, corporations and communities learn from social psychology?

Symposium S-A1

Let’s Get Connected: New and Untapped Routes to Social Connection
Friday, February 14, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Ballroom D
Chair: Amit Kumar, Cornell University
Co-Chair: Thomas Gilovich, Cornell University
Speakers: Amit Kumar, Tanya L. Chartrand, Nicholas Epley, Lalin Anik

This session investigates promising insights into how humans can connect with others. We provide empirical evidence for how experiential consumption and behavioral mimicry act as potential paths to social connectedness, discuss how people may mistakenly seek solitude instead of connection, and explore how connecting others with each other promotes well-being. View Abstracts

Symposium S-B2

Interpersonal Processes in the Context of Social Networks
Friday, February 14, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 19
Chair: Grace Jackson, UCLA

Interpersonal processes take place within relationships that are themselves embedded in broader social networks. The work presented in this symposium draws upon recent developments in social network analysis to examine how specific interpersonal processes “self-disclosure, drinking, marriage, and attachment” interact with the social networks in which they take place. View Abstracts

Symposium S-B3

The essence of intergroup conflict: Psychological essentialism in the intergroup processes we thought we already understood
Friday, February 14, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Ballroom G
Chair: Ariana Bell, University of California, Los Angeles

This symposium highlights how psychological essentialism shapes intergroup relations. Across four papers we document that essentialist beliefs decrease the quality of children’s cross-ethnic interactions, increase adult acceptance of bullying among adolescents, and accommodate divergent motivations of different group members. Implications for research on intergroup conflict throughout the lifespan are discussed. View Abstracts

Symposium S-B7

Sizing Each Other Up: Interpersonal Dynamics in Negotiations
Friday, February 14, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Ballroom A
Chair: Daniel Ames, Columbia University

Negotiation is a dynamic social process that requires parties to calibrate their approach to shifting perceptions of their counterpart to achieve desired outcomes. This symposium examines how key behaviors and characteristics that influence negotiators’ impressions of their counterparts sway the course of negotiation and produce lingering downstream effects. View Abstracts

Symposium S-E9

Automatic Ethics: Exploring the Relationship between Cognitive Resources and Prosocial Behavior
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Room 18 C/D
Chair: Peter Meindl, University of Southern California
Co-Chair: Jesse Graham, University of Southern California

Is prosocial behavior best achieved via cognitive resources and deliberative thinking, or by quick and automatic responses? Recent research supports both views. In this symposium we explore both possibilities and offer empirical resolutions to current discrepancies in the literature. View Abstracts

Symposium S-F10

The role of interpersonal processes in group phenomena and cultural development
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 19
Chair: Andreana Kenrick, Princeton University
Co-Chair: Stacey Sinclair, Princeton University

The research in this symposium uses diverse methodologies to demonstrate how isolated and ongoing interpersonal encounters strengthen and shape intergroup attitudes and behaviors, influence the emergence of and adherence to group norms, and, ultimately, how the spread of ideas through a social network and over time can shape culture. View Abstracts

Symposium S-G4

From Glue to Gasoline: How the Very Same Processes that Bind People Together Can Also Tear them Apart
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 2:00 PM – 3:15 PM, Ballroom G
Chair: Adam Galinsky, Columbia University

Perspective-taking, similarity, face-to-face contact, and flattery are often the glue that binds people together. We propose that competitive contexts transform these very same processes into gasoline being poured onto a burning fire: they can inflame already aroused competitive impulses, leading people to engage in more rather than less competitive behavior. View Abstracts

Psychology, The Science

The Presidential Symposium will discuss the ways big data and new technology can impact social and personality psychology, while the Presidential Address will cover how an interdisciplinary approach can benefit the field. In addition to those key events, there are a number of sessions devoted to improving research integrity and methodology.

Symposium S-C5

Lessons for Social and Personality Psychology from Clinical Psychology
Friday, February 14, 2014, 2:00 PM – 3:15 PM, Room 9
Chair: Jonathan Adler, Olin College of Engineering

This symposium is designed to demonstrate the applicability of key methodological approaches and analytical techniques from clinical psychology that may be unfamiliar but highly useful for research in social and personality psychology. The four talks provide a range of novel practices that promise to advance personality and social psychological research. View Abstracts

Symposium S-D2

On the Importance of Social Context: Expanding Our View
Friday, February 14, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 17
Chair: Amy Canevello, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Although social psychology focuses on context, some argue that theory and research often overlooks broad contextual factors. We discuss how the larger social and relational context influences basic social psychological phenomena. These talks stress the importance of considering seemingly distal contextual and relational factors when investigating basic social psychological processes. View Abstracts

Symposium S-E1

Promoting Research Integrity: ‘Best Practices’ In Social-Personality Research
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Ballroom A
Chair: Jennifer Bosson, University of South Florida
Co-Chair: Simine Vazire, Washington University, St. Louis

Four speakers consider “best practices” for maintaining research integrity in social-personality psychology, and propose changes to the way the field conducts, reports, and evaluates research. These talks address current crises in the field, and highlight improvements for strengthening our science while maintaining productivity. View Abstracts

Symposium S-G1

Special Session: Research Integrity
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 2:00 PM – 3:15 PM, Ballroom D
Chair: Eli Finkel, Northwestern University
Co-Chair: Cheryl Kaiser, University of Washington

Many disciplines, including psychology, have been roiled in recent years by probing questions regarding scientific practices. The speakers in this session provide four novel perspectives on this issue, adopting a forward-looking focus on how personality and social psychologists can optimize the quality and replicability of our scientific endeavors. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H10

Application of Advanced Methodological Tools in Personality and Social Psychological Research
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 19
Chair: Fang Fang Chen, University of Delaware

We discuss the application of advanced methodology in the study of personality and social psychological research. We focus on the roles of bifactor models in testing multifaceted constructs, the function of bifactor models in addressing long standing conceptual debates, power issues in experimental design, and mediation analysis in longitudinal data. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H11

Giving Social Psychology Away–And Having it Thrown Back in our Faces
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 6
Chair: Leonard Newman, Syracuse University

Research by social psychologists can enrich public understanding of important societal issues and challenges. However, clearly communicating the implications of our findings is challenging. Giving social psychology away to institutions with well-entrenched practices can be especially difficult. Symposium contributors will elaborate on such challenges and lessons learned from their experiences. View Abstracts

Symposium S-I1

The Politics of Social Psychological Science
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 5:00 PM – 6:15 PM, Ballroom D
Chair: Lee Jussim, Rutgers University

Many social psychological topics have political implications. Has the fact that most social psychologists are political liberals distorted research on these topics? Four speakers address this issue from different perspectives. Together, these talks challenge researchers to improve social psychology by minimizing the influence of their political beliefs on our science. View Abstracts

Psychology and Physical Health

There is a rich intersection between psychology and physical health. These symposia present some of the latest research on how things like positive affect, stress, and social relationships can impact physical health.

Symposium S-A11

The Next Frontier in Social Support and Health Research: Clarifying the Micro-Level Mechanisms
Friday, February 14, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Room 6
Chair: Elizabeth Keneski, The University of Texas at Austin
Co-Chair: Timothy Loving, The University of Texas at Austin

Speakers explore the roles of self-regulation and stress buffering in the social support-health link and address relevant micro-level psychological and physiological mechanisms. The talks address how providing, receiving, and perceiving support affect physiological responses (e.g. diurnal cortisol slopes), neurological regulation (i.e., threat-related hypothalamic function), and health behaviors. View Abstracts

Symposium S-D5

New insights on the effects of traits on health: The important role of social processes
Friday, February 14, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 9
Chair: Lauren Human, University of British Columbia
Co-Chair: Joshua Jackson, Washington University in St. Louis

Both personality and social processes play an important role in physical health, but rarely are these processes examined simultaneously. This symposium showcases diverse approaches to taking social processes into account when examining how traits affect health-relevant outcomes. Together, these talks provide new insights for understanding pathways to better health. View Abstracts

Symposium S-F8

Positive affect and health: Emerging evidence from cells to behavior
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 18 A/B
Chair: Nancy Sin, University of California, San Francisco
Co-Chair: Judith Moskowitz, University of California, San Francisco

Using observational, experimental, and intervention methodologies, we present cutting-edge research on the link between positive affect and physical health. Our findings demonstrate that positive affect protects against cellular aging, cardiometabolic risk, and pain, and interventions to cultivate positive affect are effective among individuals experiencing health-related stress. View Abstracts

Symposium S-G2

Regulating the Need to Belong: Biological Substrates of the Self-Esteem and Attachment Systems
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 2:00 PM – 3:15 PM, Room 19
Chair: Danu Stinson, University of Victoria

Forming and maintaining close relationships is a fundamental human need. To support this drive, psychobiological regulatory systems evolved to guide the initiation and maintenance of social bonds, and exert aversive consequences when social bonds are threatened. Two such regulatory systems, self-esteem and attachment, are the focus of the present symposium. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H8

Dissecting social relationships and biological consequences: Interdisciplinary dyadic approaches
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 18 A/B
Chair: Meanne Chan, Northwestern University
Co-Chair: Lauren Human, University of British Columbia

Social relationships are known to have important health implications. However, less is known about the specific dyadic processes that enable social relationships to get under the skin. We present data using interdisciplinary dyadic approaches across multiple relationship contexts to examine how social relationships impact biological correlates and disease development. View Abstracts

Personal Relationships

From parenthood to friendships to sex, these symposia present the latest research on personal relationships.

Symposium S-A2

Power and Close Relationships: The (In)Significance and Asymmetric Influence of Others in Goal Pursuit and Emotion
Friday, February 14, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Ballroom A
Chair: Joe Magee, New York University
Co-Chair: Kristin Laurin, Stanford University

New theoretical insights and empirical evidence answer questions about how social power operates in close relationships. These new developments cover topics including how social power influences self-regulation and goal pursuit in the context of close relationships, reactions to conflict situations, and social comparison and emotions in relationships. View Abstracts

Symposium S-B11

The Devil Is in the Details: Revealing the Complexities of the Relationship Between Parenthood and Well-Being
Friday, February 14, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 6
Chair: Kostadin Kushlev, University of British Columbia
Co-Chair: Katherine Nelson, University of California, Riverside

Is parenthood related to higher well-being? Any yes or no answer is likely to be overly simplistic and ignore the more interesting question of when parenthood is related to higher well-being. In this symposium, we demonstrate that parent’s well-being depends on demographic, psychological, and methodological factors. View Abstracts

Symposium S-B5

The social consequences of personality: New insights into mediating processes
Friday, February 14, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 9
Chair: Mitja Back, University of Muenster
Co-Chair: Simine Vazire, Washington University, St. Louis

What are the processes underlying effects of personality on everyday social relationships? The current talks apply multiple methods (experience sampling, online diaries, round robin interactions) and capture four crucial processes (situation selection, person-situation interaction, behavioral expression, interpersonal judgment), thereby moving beyond description to explanation of the social consequences of personality. View Abstracts

Symposium S-F2

Being there when it counts: Chronic and situational influences on responsive behavior in close relationships
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Ballroom A
Chair: Denise Marigold, Renison University College at University of Waterloo

Being a responsive relationship partner means attending to and responding supportively to partners’ needs, concerns, and goals, which is critical for fostering relationship well-being. This symposium explores factors that influence people’s responsiveness to close others, and examines the discrepancy between the provider’s and recipient’s perceptions of responsive behavior. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H2

New Evidence for Responsiveness as an Organizing Construct in the Study of Relationships
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Ballroom A
Chair: Richard Slatcher, Wayne State University
Co-Chair: Heidi Kane, Wayne State University

Responsiveness is the process through which people attend to and respond supportively to close others. This symposium brings together cutting-edge research highlighting the implications of responsiveness for romantic relationships, parent-child relationships and physical health, providing compelling new evidence for responsiveness as a central, organizing construct in the study of relationships. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H4

The curse of instrumentality: Burdening, objectifying, and replacing instrumental others in relationships, health, and work

Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 17
Chair: Juliana Schroeder, University of Chicago
Co-Chair: Ayelet Fishbach, University of Chicago

Being highly instrumental for others’ goals may have both beneficial and detrimental interpersonal consequences. Four papers explore these consequences: people rely more heavily on instrumental partners in relationships, objectify instrumental health providers, and replace instrumental workers with nonhuman agents. Power can moderate objectifying instrumental others. View Abstracts

Symposium S-H5

Do we shape relationships or do relationships shape us? The dynamic interplay of personality and close relationships

Saturday, February 15, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 9
Chair: Madoka Kumashiro, Goldsmiths, University of London
Co-Chair: Ximena Arriaga, Purdue University

Four talks highlight the importance of examining the dynamic interplay between personality and close relationships, by showing how personality influences relationships and how relationships can shape stable traits. The talks reveal new or counterintuitive findings for dispositional self-regulatory traits, self-esteem, agreeableness, and attachment security. View Abstracts

Symposium S-I2

Providing effective support in close relationships: Neural, behavioral, and physiological predictors and consequences
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 5:00 PM – 6:15 PM, Ballroom A
Chair: Sylvia Morelli, Stanford University

The speakers of this symposium will identify neural, behavioral, and physiological predictors of effective support provision and demonstrate that providing support to close others is associated with mental and physical health benefits for the provider. View Abstracts

Sessions to Note

Otherwise uncategorizable, these symposia caught our eye.

Symposium S-A7

When to Judge a Book by Its Cover: Timing, Context, and Individual Differences in First Impressions
Friday, February 14, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Ballroom B/C
Chair: Vivian Zayas, Cornell University
Co-Chair: Nicholas Rule, University of Toronto

People readily judge a book by its cover, forming impressions of others from minimal cues. Yet, how does this happen in the real-world? Four speakers showcase the latest research on impression-formation, examining accurate and inaccurate judgments, individual differences in judgments, and the persistence/malleability of these judgments over time and contexts. View Abstracts

Symposium S-B6

Identity Concealment: A Normative Social Psychological Phenomenon
Friday, February 14, 2014, 11:15 AM – 12:30 PM, Room 17
Chair: Jonathan Cook, The Pennsylvania State University
Co-Chair: Diane Quinn, University of Connecticut

We draw attention to new methodological, theoretical, and empirical advances in studying identity concealment. Presentations cover antecedents to and consequences of concealment and the intersection of visible and concealable stigmatized identities. We discuss a wide variety of concealable identities, including mental and physical illness, sexual orientation, and domestic violence. View Abstracts

Symposium S-C1

Special Session: Psychology in Action
Friday, February 14, 2014, 2:00 PM – 3:15 PM, Ballroom D
Chair: Cheryl Kaiser, University of Washington
Co-Chair: Eli Finkel, Northwestern University

Four short talks with big ideas about the latest research on connections between people and space, myths about meaning in life, love, and more, featuring personality and social psychologists Roy Baumeister, Sam Gosling, Laura King, and Barbara Fredrickson. View Abstracts

Symposium S-D6

Rituals Make Life Better — By Enhancing Consumption, Communicating Social Norms, Treating Illness, and Relieving Grief
Friday, February 14, 2014, 3:30 PM – 4:45 PM, Room 18 C/D
Chair: Kathleen Vohs, University of Minnesota

Rituals are pervasive in people’s lives worldwide but unknown to social psychology until late. Wang shows that rituals enhance consumption of food and drink. Norton found that rituals make dealing with death easier. Legare went to Brazil and concocted healing rituals. Rossano’s evolutionary framework argues that rituals underly social norms. View Abstracts

Symposium S-E2

Lust in our Ancestral Dust: Evolution, Attraction, and Relationships
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Ballroom D
Chair: Jeff Simpson, University of Minnesota
Co-Chair: Vladas Griskevicius, University of Minnesota

This symposium (1) reveals that ovulation leads women to unconsciously flirt more with men, (2) presents a meta-analysis identifying which traits ovulating women find more attractive in men, (3) shows how parents spend more money on girls in economic recessions, and (4) identifies how feelings of jealousy boost men’s testosterone. View Abstracts

Symposium S-E4

Mindsets Matter: The Power of Beliefs for Everyday Life
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 9:45 AM – 11:00 AM, Room 17
Chair: Jeni Burnette, University of Richmond
Co-Chair: Crystal Hoyt, University of Richmond

This symposium presents four cutting-edge perspectives on the power of personal beliefs to influence significant life outcomes for the self and others across a range of applied contexts. Integrating diverse theories, the symposium outlines how beliefs impact gender-biased employment decisions, the politics of religious conflicts, eating behavior and academic achievement. View Abstracts

Symposium S-I11

The Dark Side of Religion: Intolerance, Prejudice and Antisocial Behavior
Saturday, February 15, 2014, 5:00 PM – 6:15 PM, Room 6
Chair: Patty Van Cappellen, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Religion may bring out the best and the worst in people. This symposium presents novel experimental data on religion’s role in promoting prejudice, submission, and antisocial behaviors and how these outcomes can lead to doubt regarding religion. Different explanatory accounts for the seemingly divergent outcomes of religion will be discussed. View Abstracts